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Urbino is one of the southernmost towns in the Gallo-Italic area.
Urbinate verb morphology permits distinction between 3SG and 3PL, as it provides for two different endings marking the two number values singular and plural. However, under specific conditions (in the sense of Corbett 2006: 176), Urbinate displays formal identity between 3SG and 3PL verbal endings: in all intransitive constructions, and regardless of definiteness, verbs do not agree with plural lexical postverbal subjects ((1) vs (2); see also Manzini and Savoia 2005, I: 49). In interrogatives (3), agreement is optional if the subject is interrogated (Manzini and Savoia 2005, I: 627).
In a comparative perspective, it is worth mentioning that Urbinate is not an unicum in the Italo-Romance panorama, as it shares similar context-sensitive agreement patterns with some other northern-Italian and Tuscan varieties (Manzini and Savoia 2005, I: 37; Peverini 2011: 2-3). However, in the broader coastal strip that goes from Venetian and eastern Lombard down to Romagnol - namely just north to Urbino - and then again from southern Marchigiano to Abruzzese, the identity of 3SG and 3PL is not due to syntactic conditions, yet to morphological syncretism (Rohlfs 1966-69, § 532).
Urbinate displays the f.pl
-le (< illae)
adjectives and quantifiers in predicative position
(4), as well as on the past participle of compound tenses. Otherwise, f.pl
adjectives, quantifiers, and
participles (5) are syncretic with m.sg
(6). Something similar happens with m.pl
-i - at least for quantifiers
(Balducci 1977: 22; Manzini and Savoia 2005, III: 615).
For a more detailed
description of Urbinate and its relevance to the study of agreement,
please refer to the overview written
by Serena Romagnoli.